Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the ability of a computer to perform functions with reasoning of mind of man that is typical of a human. It is Professor John McCarthy, Father of Cloud Computing who coined the term Artificial Intelligence or AI in 1956, at a interdisciplinary seminar held in New Hampshire. Artificial intelligence is a subject of debate among the scientists and philosophers, which shows both theoretical and practical aspects. Artificial Intelligence includes the theory and techniques for developing algorithms that allow machines (typically computers) to show an ability and / or intelligent activity, at least in one specific arena.
One of the main problems of artificial intelligence is to give a formal definition of the functions summary / abstract reasoning, meta-reasoning and learning of man that will materialize and realize – goal oriented model.
Origination of Artificial Intelligence
In the words of Marvin Minsky, one of the pioneers of Artificial Intelligence in New Hampshire, said that the purpose of this new discipline,†Artificial Intelligence was to “make machines do things that would require intelligence as if they were made by a human.”
The story of Artificial Intelligence begins in the seventeenth century when Pascal invented Pascaline to help his father to perform difficult calculations.
If the theory of Artificial Intelligence evolves independently of advances in science, progression of†Artificial Intelligence is strongly linked to the advancement of computer technology.
Current situation of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence, as currently designed, is the identification of models (appropriate description of the problem to be solved) and algorithms (actual procedure to problem solving model of Artificial Intelligence). This formulation of Artificial Intelligence is designed with flavors and different approaches. Each of the two aspects of Artificial Intelligence (models of Artificial Intelligence) has progressively greater or lesser importance and varies along a spectrum broad enough.
Here are videos on Official Website of Kismat, robot with Artificial Intelligence.
Creating a thinking computer is the path of Artificial Intelligence
The assets and capacities of Artificial Intelligence include:
- Machine learning with Artificial Intelligence, which is useful in situations like playing chess
- Knowledge representation and automated reasoning in a manner similar to what was done by the human mind by†Artificial Intelligence
- Cooperation between intelligent agents, both software to hardware – robots
- Natural Language Processing should be a must part of†Artificial Intelligence
- Simulation of vision and interpretation of images like face recognition
Artificial Intelligence – Can Computers Think?
The answers of this aspect of Artificial Intelligence is varied and discordant, but because they have a sense we must first determine what it means to think. Ironically, despite all agree that humans are intelligent, no one has yet managed to give a satisfactory definition of intelligence, precisely because of this, the study of Artificial Intelligence is divided into two streams:
The first, called Artificial Intelligence itself, supported by the functionalists, believes that a properly programmed computer can be equipped with a very pure intelligence, indistinguishable in any important way by human intelligence. The idea behind this theory is the concept that dates back to the English empiricist philosopher Thomas Hobbes, who argued that thinking is nothing more than to calculate: the human mind is therefore the product of a complex set of calculations performed by the brain.
The second, called Weak Artificial Intelligence or Pseudo Artificial Intelligence, claims that a computer will never be able to match the human mind, but can only get to simulate some cognitive processes human without being able to play them in their full complexity.
According to some experts, however, Artificial Intelligence is unlikely to be achieved by a computer, thinking skills that is classified as “intelligence”, because the machine is “isolated” from the world, or at most connected via a computer network that can only transmit information from other computers. The real Artificial Intelligence, therefore, could be reached only by robots and interact with their surroundings through sensors and mechanical arms. Often the application of intelligence in humans is derived from some body needs, so it is unlikely to be able to develop an imitation without a body.
In an attempt to create Artificial Intelligence, a mistake that led to the computers inability to apply common sense and the tendency to “get into trouble.” The error was not enough to consider the fact that the real world is complex and thus a representation will be the same. The key of Artificial Intelligence, it seems to be this: the imitation of its similar nature, bearing in mind the importance of evolutionary processes in the development of morphological and behavioral characteristics of an individual and in the formation of what is called “common sense”.
Currently these are the main algorithms of artificial intelligence
- Improve their conditions and environmental conditions for time and resources
- Knowledge Representation
- Machine Learning
- Unsupervised learning
- Association of rules
- Supervised learning
- Decision by logic
- Reinforcement and learning
- Neural Networks
- Genetic algorithms
- Natural language processing
- Visual retrieval
- Vision is important in case of†Artificial Intelligence, as we have written above.