Digital Photography versus Film Photography is a comparison with the traditional film photography process with newer Digital Photography from a neutral point. There are advantages as well as problems with both digital photography and Film Photography.
Digital Photography versus Film Photography : The Advantages of Digital Photography
The resulting image can be seen much more quickly than traditional photo processes. Typically, the camera allows you to view the image on the built LCD screen or monitor attached after shooting and in a non-mirrored and some SLR cameras with Live Preview.
In addition, the image can be quickly downloaded to a computer , and already there to consider in detail.
Fast results in easy learning curve. Is comfortable both for the beginners and amateurs / professionals.
Ready to use on a computer
In the traditional film photography before processing to computers for digitizing images, additional resources were required.
Economy and simplicity
The process of digital photography does not require consumables (like film). So for bad shots, unless you consider the labor charge they will not cost a dime photographer. More precisely, reusable large resource of rewriting made it simple.
Moreover, the entire process from photo shoot to get prints can be done in the comfort of home and only will require a computer and a photo printer. Opportunities and the quality of prints will depend on the capabilities of technology and the ability of the operator.
Some cameras and printers allows to get the prints without a computer, but this option bypass the possibility of correcting the image has other limitations.
Flexible Parameter controls
Digital photography allows the flexibility to manage some parameters, which, in the traditional photo processes rigidly attached to the film as a photographic material – light sensitivity and color balance is the most noteworthy points.
The digital camera can change the color balance is very flexible – one can choose according to the coverage, allowing the camera to automatically determine and fine-tune. Color balance, too, can be changed after the shooting, using image processing RAW format allows to do this without losing the depth of color.
Extensive post processing options
Unlike a traditional photographic process, in digital photography, there are wide opportunities to make additional correction and effects after the shooting.
You can rotate, crop, edit, edit the image (in whole or in a separate section), perform manual or automatic correction of the defects much easily.
Advantages of digital representation
Since the original images with digital photography is an array of numbers, storage, copy, transfer to any distance does not change it – any copy is identical to the original. Of course, digital media may be damaged.
Most digital cameras are compac, because for their design there is no need to allocate the space for the film and the mechanics of film roll.
Digital Photography versus Film Photography : The Disadvantages
With digital photography image is an array of discrete points or pixels. Image details smaller than one pixel are not saved. The resolution of the image (number or size of the pixel array) is determined by the resolution of the camera sensor, and its current settings. Higher resolution allows you to keep more detail, but it leads to an increase in the size of a digital image that requires the camera to be of fast performance and needs large volume of media.
Based on the average grain size of the film, the same resolution digital image is considered to be 12-16 megapixels resolution per frame. This or higher resolution are modern SLR cameras. However, the actual resolution of the image (that is, the degree of distinctiveness of parts), except for the pixel resolution of the sensor depends on the optical resolution of the lens and the sensor.
Image resolution can not be higher than the resolving power of the lens. Optical resolution is sufficient to obtain a clear image with a resolution of 12-16 megapixels, but the limiting factor of compact cameras is the lens. DSLR is kind iof different breed but still suffers from cropping factor.
The noise is most pronounced in the shadows of the image. The noise increases with sensitivity shooting (ISO) and with increasing exposure time.
Digital noise is somewhat equivalent to a grainy appearance on film. However, grain and noise are of different nature and differ in appearance.
Film Negative needs only the opinion of a Representative of the manufacturer brand in front of the Court of Law, to state whether there is possibility of fake or not. Film Negatives had almost invisible secret codes printed outside the sensitive area when film photography was preparing to actually die. But Digital Photography needs thorough scrutiny if the digital negative format is not available.