Full Frame DSLR is a high end variant of SLR family of digital camera which has an image sensor 36Ã—24 mm film. This typical size of sensor makes them costly. Few previously published articles are important particularly for the starters for proper understanding of this specific article on Full Frame DSLR. First is an article on Digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera in general, second is Image Sensor Format and the third is Crop Factor.
Basic details on Full Frame DSLR
Typically the DSLR camera has an image sensor that is of a size equivalent to APS-C-size film (20.7Ã—13.8 mm to 28.7Ã—19.1 mm). There is model to model and brand to brand variation of the actual size of sensor. The reason to use a smaller sized image sensor is to reduce the price.
Full Frame DSLR however has a sensor that is equivalent to our conventional 36Ã—24 mm film, which was in wide use before Digital Camera became cheaper to buy and use. The crop factor is in the range 1.3“2.0, which ideally should be 1.0 in the Full Frame DSLR. This crop factor in Full Frame DSLR become apparent when an old SLR camera is attached with a Full Frame DSLR. However, this old Lens mounting still works for Full Frame DSLR if the mounting can itself be done. In case of smaller sensor DSLR, the crop factor will increase making the usage of old Lens with these non Full Frame DSLR bodies practically useless.
As happens with a bigger format film formats, there are various optical advantage in Full Frame DSLR that includes easy to use tilt/shift lenses, wide angle of view, bigger resolution photograph etc.
The higher price of a Full Frame DSLR is basically the reason why usually armatures can not buy a Full Frame DSLR.
Popular Models of Full Frame DSLR of notable brands
As for photography, there are only few notable brands who are in the SLR market for past few decades to centuries.
- Almost all DSLR models from Hasselblad including Hasselblad H4D series, some actually sports a bigger than full frame Full Frame DSLR sensor.
- Canon EOS 1Ds series and 5D series
- Nikon D3 and D4 Series
- Nikon D700 and D800 series
- Sony ? DSLR A800 and A900 series
- Kodak DCS Pro series
- Leica M9 series