Cloud has become a symbol for many years on the Internet. Till 2008, new services began to appear and many of the computing resources could be accessed through some cloud computing service model. At that time many of the PaaS had a free usage tier. Lately cloud computing widely been adapted by various parties with newer service models including serverless and FaaS. Most today know the email services we use every day is just a small example of SaaS. The biggest advantage of cloud computing is the flexible rental price we can adjust the rental price according to the service we use or the needs we need. Other benefits include increased efficiency, the cost compensation in this operation provides a limit against expensive hardware prices for large and fast service needs. From the enormous use of cloud computing, and the enormous benefits it is interesting to analyze how problems or problems may occur against the use of cloud computing. Most issues start from the fact that users cannot control personal data. When the data owner wants to have private/private data but the server owner is more likely to want to utilize that data for other business purposes that create a big issue.
Security issues with cloud computing
There were seven security issues successfully identified according to Gartner.
- User Access: Information transmitted from clients over the Internet raises a certain level of risk, due to data ownership issues. Companies must be willing to scale a lot of time just to learn the rules of cloud computing providers
- Compliance with Regulations : Client Data may be audited by 3rd parties and clients are responsible for their own data security.
- Location: Clients may never know where their data is located from the country of the region as much as it depends on the contract at the beginning.
- Data Segregation: Data is encrypted and placed on the same storage media so that the mechanisms for data-servicing can only be provided by cloud computing service providers
- Recovery: Not all of the service providers have a user data back-up mechanism to fight with things happen like disasters, and other distractions
- Investigative Support: If the client suspects the use of harmful data from the service provider, there are not many ways through the legal route to investigate
- Long-term sustainability: This is more referring to, if all the resources owned by the service provider are purchased by another company, then there needs to be a clear procedure for redrawing contracts
Privacy issues with cloud computing
Improved use of the services, as well as Gmail and Google Docs, have caused problems about privacy in cloud computing services to a more serious level. Many criticize the cloud computing model to provide the hosting company with the convenience to control and monitor the communication with the company owners and users, and access user data (with or without permission). Privacy can not be guaranteed, and the greater the likelihood of a telecommunications company to monitor user activity upon the direction of Government.
Sustainability issues with cloud computing
Although cloud computing is often regarded as a form of green computing But there is no way to measure it for sure. Some organizations provide ratings towards the largest energy use often leading brands in cloud computing, and manages to urge some companies to switch to clean energy. Using clean and renewable energy to run its operations is what expected to run the datacenters.
Vendor Lock-in with cloud computing
Cloud services tend to be built on one of several virtualization platforms that support cloud services. Migrating from between cloud providers using a platform can be very complex.
- Data lock-in: Because the cloud may have proprietary standards, this factor can complicate the lives if cloud computing users decide to move data from one vendor to another.
- Tools Lock-In: If the device to manage the cloud environment is incompatible with different types of virtual and physical infrastructures, the tool can only manage data or applications that can run in the private environment of a cloud vendor.
Legal issues with cloud computing
Like other changes in the digital world, the use of cloud computing raises certain legal issues, including security issues, and exclusive data resource sharing. One important issue but not often mentioned about cloud computing is the problem of who owns the data. If a service provider company is a data owner, the owner owns certain legal rights. If the company’s service provider is custodial of the data, then a different set of rights will apply. The next problem in the legality of cloud computing is a matter of legal ownership of data. Many terms of service agreement do not mention ownership issues. This legal issue is not limited to the time in which cloud-based applications are already actively used. There should also be consideration of what happens when the customer-provider relationship ends. In most cases, problems about this will be addressed before the application is applied to the cloud. These are important in some sectors while a general-purpose website may ignore.