Data center is defined as the building in which the central computing technology of one or more companies or organizations are located, as well as the organization itself. Therefore a Data Center is of central importance in the corporate sector to.
Function of Data Center
Any Data center is often assigned to an administrative agency, such as the financial management, a research institution, an university or a commercial institution like Banks. These administrative agencies have the requirement of processing large amounts of data, such as the tax returns of all citizens of a state. Therefore, an extensive machinery is necessary for a Data Center, which could be maintained only concentrated in a data center.
Structure of a Data Center
Any data center has a highly redundant infrastructure. All facilities are required for the operation. For example, data center cooling is much needed for the high-performance computers, it is needed for the devices that generates a big amount of heat. The market research firm Gartner has studied that between 35 and 50 percent of the total energy cost of a data center is needed for cooling.
To meet the same requirement of electricity supply, the system are considerably more complex. Modern high-end servers typically have two power supplies that can independently supply the entire server. These power supplies are connected in a cross-wiring with different flow guides.
Security in a Data Center
Depending on the administrative environment, there are varying degrees of security requirements for any data center. Most has only the control to the access in the rooms are with alarms. Some data center are even are designed to be proof from a nuclear bomb blast. The fire protection and prevention of fires is almost always a constant feature in any Data Center. Many of the data center are monitored by human with technical support and only by authorized personnel is allowed to enter.