Strong Artificial Intelligence refers to a machine capable not only to produce intelligent behavior, but also is capable to experience a sense of genuine self-awareness, real feelings and understanding of with own reasoning. There are some articles those we have already published on Artificial Intelligence and related interesting topics like a general idea on Artificial Intelligence (AI) which might help for better understanding of Strong Artificial Intelligence (SAI), Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Collective Intelligence and Cyborg. Strong Artificial Intelligence is not just adding the word Strong before AI, it is a specific terminology.
Basic Ideas Behind Strong Artificial Intelligence
Based on the fact that consciousness has a biological support material and therefore we usually do not see any obstacle by principle, one day to create a conscious intelligence in a non-biological product. John Searle’s has a Strong AI hypothesis. I am not going deeper on that particular hypothesis.
At present there is no computer or robot available that is as intelligent as human being. There would be no functional limitation; this is the basic of Strong Artificial Intelligence. It is tempting to compare the ability of information processing of a human brain with a computer to estimate the feasibility of Strong Artificial Intelligence. You will very sad to hear that your head has only few KB of RAM installed by God (or Nature). But the metric is not RAM, it is logical operations per second. The structural complexity makes it almost impossible to compare, thankfully modern tools like PET scan helped a huge to understand at least some practical parts. Strong Artificial Intelligence is more theory than practical due to several factors :
- Lack of good research workers on Strong Artificial Intelligence as well as AI
- There is no money from researching on Strong Artificial Intelligence as some companies went almost bankrupted investing in Strong Artificial Intelligence in ’90s.
- Inconsistency among the Strong Artificial Intelligence research workers.
- Social factors.
Something more about Strong Artificial Intelligence
Researching on all these things, whether it is Strong Artificial Intelligence or Cyborg needs real knowledge on various aspects – it is not like doing trial and error methods. There two philosophical thoughts – one is Vitalism (why the living is not reducible to physico-chemical laws) and the other is Materialism (nothing is created nor destroyed). A Strong Artificial Intelligence research worker have to select one of them to approach. This is the starting point. Vitalism seems to be more acceptable way for Strong Artificial Intelligence.
Some eminent researchers expressed doubt about the ability to differentiate between Strong Artificial Intelligence that would feel really conscious, with that exactly simulate this behavior. After all, we even can not be certain that other minds than humans can really feel anything. Here we find the known problem of solipsism in philosophy.
It is not that nothing has been really done in practical on Strong Artificial Intelligence. Units has been made which can diagnose some particular hematological disease.
The progress of Strong Artificial Intelligence or Artificial Intelligence is very slow due to various factors.