Linux distribution is a Linux Distributor assembled collection of program packages. Linux Distribution consists of at least the Linux kernel and some needed system programs. These programs often come from the still older GNU project license, an alternative to commercial UNIX Like OS to develop, with its own kernel. Linux Distribution colloquially known as Linux Distro.
Components of Linux Distribution
Task of the distributors,is to compile various sources of single-program source code and a running total usable system together as a so-called operating system as Linux Distribution and offer support. They achieve this by from their perspective selection of programs, adaptation of the programs through patching , adding own programs under development especially for the particular Linux Distribution installation and configuration, such as apt, synaptic and package ( like .deb , .rpm ) parts of the programs.
In addition to the Linux kernel, a Linux Distribution consists primarily of the GNU software that provides the basic foundation system. In addition, most are low-level programs, in particular, a package management . Linux Distribution, which is intended just for desktop systems that also has a X Window System. It is for executing a graphical user interface such as GNOME or KDE software compilation.
Other softwares included in Linux Distribution are office suites, multimedia software, editors, e-mail programs, browsers and sometimes server software. In addition, Linux Distribution are usually sports developer tools such as compilers.
Other points on Linux Distribution
Most Linux distribution can be installed in parallel on the same hardware with other operating systems. As such, for example, another Linux distribution, another unix like operating system such as Mac OS X or Solaris or Windows. In principle, two approaches are distinguished:
Popular Linux distribution are different in some respects. Important features are initially set to install tools such as partitioning tools. These are based mostly on the user group a Linux Distribution. While for beginners, only few options are offered, for other Linux Distribution aimed at advanced users who prefer more options in the installation stage, more features are added. After installation, this difference is based on the user base continues mostly in the amount of configuration tools. Some sophisticated Commercial Linux Distribution offer official support as a paid service. There are also differences in the respective policies on proprietary software, such as Adobe Flash, MP3 codec or proprietary hardware drivers. While some Linux Distribution such as Debian, proprietary packages are provided in order to simplify the user experience.
List of some popular Linux Distribution :
- Debian comes itself or has many sub and sub sub Linux Distribution.
- Arch Linux is minimalistic Linux Distribution
- Fedora is a community linux distribution comes itself or has many sub and sub sub Linux Distribution.
Cent OS for example, is a derivative of Red Hat, while Red Hat is derivative of Fedora. In this way, the number of names of Linux Distribution increases, this the reason why the basic understanding of how the Linux Distribution Flow Chart is actually going.